Scaling and Polishing

In order to keep your gums healthy, you need to remove the daily build-up of plaque from all the surfaces of your teeth by –

  • Brushing your teeth twice a day, for two minutes each time. Ask your dentist which type of toothbrush is best for you, as many of us use brushes that are too hard or too large.
  • Floss your teeth, as a toothbrush doesn’t always reach into the gaps in between the teeth or below the gum line. Do not brush your teeth too hard as this can damage your gums, ask your dentist or hygienist to show you the correct technique.
  • Use fluoride toothpaste.

Healthy gums are –

  • Pink in colour
  • No areas of redness or inflammation
  • No bleeding when brushing or flossing
  • No tenderness or discomfort

If the daily build-up of plaque is not removed this can lead to the first stages of gum disease ‘Gingivitis’

What is Gingivitis?

Gingivitis is caused by sticky bacteria which are known as ‘plaque’. Plaque collects in the small gaps between the gums and the teeth and if not removed by regular brushing & flossing will multiply by feeding on sugars found in your food and drink. This can lead to –

  • Bleeding when brushing or flossing
  • Soreness or discomfort
  • Appear red in colour, puffy or swollen

Bleeding when brushing or flossing your teeth is the earliest and most common sign of gingivitis. Gingivitis is reversible if treated by a hygienist or by improved brushing and flossing techniques. However, if left untreated you will develop the later stages of gum disease, which is known as ‘Periodontal Disease’.

What is Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal Disease is the later stages of gum disease. This is when the bacteria infection under the gums progresses deeper and affects the bone and tissue supporting the tooth.

Your gums will –

  • Bleed when brushing or flossing.
  • Will be red, swollen and tender.
  • Bad Breath.
  • The gum will have pulled away from the tooth, this is called ‘Pocketing’.
  • Pus may be seen in the pockets around the tooth.

The infection damages the tissue that connects the gum to the roots of the tooth. Once the tissue has been destroyed the gum pulls away from the tooth, this forms a pocket which bacteria thrive in. If not treated, in time the bone anchoring the teeth in the jaw will dissolve, making the teeth lose and eventually the teeth will fall out Periodontal disease is irreversible, but you can slow down the progression by regular visits to the Dentist and Hygienist also improving your oral hygiene at home.

Dental Hygienist

What does a dental hygienist do?

  • Removes calculus (hard deposits) and plaque (bacteria) from all surfaces of the teeth.
  • Assessment of oral health conditions such as bleeding gums
  • Applies preventive materials to the teeth such as sealants and fluorides.
  • Teaching proper oral hygiene strategies for patients to help them maintain good oral health.
  • Counseling patients regarding good nutrition and the impact that a poor diet can have on oral health.
  • Assessment of susceptibility of tooth decay using specialised kits.
  • Teeth whitening procedures.

We have professional and highly trained dental hygienist who focus on preventive oral health.  Oral hygienists prevent dental decay by cleaning patients’ teeth and providing them with education about how to care their teeth and gums along with the effects of diet in oral health. They also focus on techniques that ensure oral tissues and teeth are maintained and remain healthy in order to prevent dental disease, especially common chronic diseases such as dental caries, gingivitis and active periodontitis.

  • Our hygienist is available every Saturday.
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