Crowns | Bridges | Veneers

Crowns

Crowns are tooth-shaped caps which fit over your teeth.

Why are crowns needed?

  • Teeth with large fillings (and/or root fillings) are weak and can break when you bite. They can have hidden cracks which make them tender to bite on or sensitive to hot or cold. A crown will protect a heavily filled tooth.
  • Crowns can also be used cosmetically to improve the appearance of your teeth.
  • Your dentist can tell you which of your teeth would best be protected by crowns before problems develop.
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What are crowns made of?

  • Usually, porcelain, because the colour can be matched to your existing teeth. The porcelain ‘tooth’ may have a gold or other metal core for strength.
  • If a natural appearance is not essential (e.g. at the back of your mouth), a gold or metal crown may be used.

What happens during the appointment?

Two appointments are necessary, the first to prepare the tooth for the crown and the second to fit the crown.

The preparation appointment-

  • A local anaesthetic may be needed to numb the tooth and surrounding gum.
  • The dentist will then shape the outer surfaces of the tooth, creating a cylindrical shape onto which the crown will seat.
  • An impression (mould) is taken of your teeth using special dental material generally made from silicone.
  • An impression of the opposing teeth is also taken, so the technician can see how you bite together
  • A temporary crown will be cemented onto the prepared tooth to protect it whilst your crown is being fabricated.
  • The impression will be sent to the Dental Laboratory where our technician will handcraft your crown. This will take between two and three weeks.

The “Fitting” Appointment-

  • A local anaesthetic may be needed to numb the tooth and surrounding gum.
  • The temporary crown will be removed, and the tooth will be washed to remove the temporary cement.
  • The dentist will then try in your new crown, making sure that it fits correctly and that you are happy with the appearance. The crown will then permanently be cemented in place.
  • The bite is checked carefully and may need some minor adjustments.

Bridges

Bridges are fixed prosthetic devices that are cemented onto existing teeth or implants by a dentist.

What are bridges used for?

Bridges are commonly used to cover a space if you’re missing one or more teeth. They are cemented to natural teeth or implants surrounding the space where the tooth once stood.

How are bridges placed and what are they made of?

  • A dental bridge is a false tooth that is held in place by the abutment teeth on either side of the gap.
  • Although it can be made from a variety of materials such as gold, typically they’re made from porcelain to aesthetically blend in with your natural teeth.

 

Veneers

 

What are Veneers?

Dental veneers (sometimes called porcelain veneers or dental porcelain laminates) are wafer-thin, custom-made shells of tooth-colored materials designed to cover the front surface of teeth to improve your appearance.

These shells or veneers are bonded to the front of the teeth changing their color, shape, size, or length.

What are veneers needed for?

  • Masking permanently stained teeth.
  • Closing Diastase – spaces between your teeth.
  • Straightening misaligned teeth.
  • Improving the appearance of damaged or broken teeth due to decay or trauma.

How long does it take to place veneers?

  • The procedure is usually completed in two visits which is a simple and relatively quick route to improve your smile.
  • The first part of the procedure involves the dentist removing a small amount of enamel from the front of your tooth.
  • The second appointment the veneers are fitted into place.

How are veneers made?

Each veneer is individually handcrafted by our dental technician to correct the appearance of your teeth to create a healthy natural look.

What happens during the appointment?

The consultation appointment-

  • This is when you can discuss with the dentist the concerns you have with your teeth and explain how you would like them improved.
  • Your dentist will have a ‘Diagnostic wax up’ made of your teeth to show how your teeth will look with veneers. This is a very simple procedure; the dentist will take impressions (mould) of your teeth and these will then be sent to the laboratory.
  • Our technician will make a cast of your teeth using the supplied impressions (moulds).
  • Dental wax is then applied to the cast, to show how the final veneers will look.
  • If you decide that veneers are for you, two appointments are then needed. The first appointment is when the dentist prepares the teeth and then a second is to fit the veneers.

The Preparation appointment-

  • The dentist will give you a local anesthetic to numb the tooth and the surrounding gum.
  • A small amount of tooth is removed from the front surface of your tooth to make room for the veneers. The dentist will do this using a fast hand drill.
  • An impression (mould) is taken of your teeth using special dental “putty”.
  • An impression is also taken of the opposing teeth, so the technician can see how you bite together.
  • The dentist may fit temporary veneers to protect the teeth whilst your veneers are being fabricated.
  • The impression (mould) of your teeth is sent to the Dental Laboratory where each veneer will be handcrafted to create your new smile. This process can take between two and three weeks.

The Fit Appointment-

  • Your temporary veneers will be removed, and your teeth will be washed to remove any remaining cement.
  • Your new veneers will be temporarily placed using a special paste which will allow the dentist to make any adjustments that are required and to make sure that you are happy with the appearance.
  • The veneers will then be removed, and the tooth surface prepared for the dental adhesive. The veneers will be permanently cemented in place to create the beautiful smile you have been waiting for.

Looking after your veneers

  • Veneers can last a long time, but a lot depends on how you take care of them.
  • You must maintain good oral hygiene brushing and flossing twice a day, also have 6 monthly examinations with your dentists.
  • Habits that damaged your natural teeth, like biting pens and pencils, opening bottle tops with your teeth and biting your nails will also damage your veneers.
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